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Perspectives in Military History Roundtable

49th Annual Lecture Series

Cassandra in Oz: Counterinsurgency and Future War

Dr. Conrad Crane

Chief, USAHEC Historical Services Division

In the years following the tragedy of September 11, 2001, the United States military grasped at the best way to engage in two wars, while remaining the world’s super power. Dr. Conrad Crane, only recently retired from active duty service in the U.S. Army, found himself a modern Cassandra, warning the military leadership about the preparation requirements for the U.S. Army and Marine Corps to conduct stability operations and counterinsurgency in Iraq. Dr. Crane’s continued push for proper planning in the eventual reconstruction of Iraq attracted the scrutiny of then-commanders General David H. Petraeus, U.S. Army (Retired) and General James Mattis, U.S. Marine Corps (Retired). On Saturday, March 18, 2017 at 2:00 PM, Dr. Crane and GEN Petreaus will discuss the development of the formal response to the unpreparedness of American Forces: Field Manual 3-24/Marine Corps Warfighting Publication 3-33.5 Counterinsurgency. The presentations will be complimented by questions and discussion from panelists Dr. Richard Lacquement, Colonel John Martin, U.S. Army (Retired), and Colonel Robert Balcavage, all of whom either served under GEN Petreaus and were implementers, or worked with Dr. Crane in development of the Counterinsurgency (COIN) manual. They will discuss the implementation of the COIN doctrine, details about what went right and wrong in Iraq, and the lessons learned from over a decade of war.

Dr. Conrad Crane is the Chief, Historical Services Division, at the USAHEC, following ten years as the Director of the U.S. Army Military History Institute. Dr. Crane previously served with the U.S. Army War College’s (USAWC) Strategic Studies Institute after a 26 year career as an officer in the U.S. Army, including ten years as a Professor of History at the United States Military Academy. GEN David Petraeus is a Partner at KKR, and Chairman of the KKR Global Institute. He is the former Director of the Central Intelligence Agency and served as the Commander of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan in 2010 and 2011. He also commanded the U.S. Central Command from 2008 to 2011, and served as the Commanding General for the Multi-National Force-Iraq from 2007 to 2008. Dr. Richard A. Lacquement, Jr. is the Dean of the School of Strategic Landpower at the USAWC. He served for more than 29 years in the U.S. Army, to include assignments with ISAF in Afghanistan, as Chief of Plans for U.S. Forces Korea, and in the Office of the Undersecretary of Defense for Policy. COL John R. Martin served at the USAWC Strategic Studies Institute, after he retired from active service in the U.S. Army in 2004. He has extensive experience in the Republic of Korea and at the Pentagon on the Army Staff, and was deployed over his career to Kosovo and Bosnia, Afghanistan, and Iraq. COL Robert Balcavage serves as the USAWC Chief of Staff. He commanded the 1/501st Infantry Regiment (ABN) during the surge in Iraq, and served combat tours in Operations Desert Storm/Desert Shield, Iraqi Freedom, and Enduring Freedom.

DATE: Saturday, March 18, 2017

TIME: The USAHEC opens to the public at 10:00 AM, and the roundtable discussion is from 2:00 PM to 5:00 PM.

PLACE: USAHEC, Visitor and Education Center, Multi-Purpose Room

For more information on both events and any last-minute changes in meeting times and places, please check the USAHEC homepage: or call the Information Desk: (717) 245-3972.

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Military Medicine: Beyond the Battlefield


Documentary Screening and Expert Panel Discussion


U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center

950 Soldiers Drive, Carlisle

March 16, 2017   7:15 PM – Free and Open to the Public


In Coordination with the Dunham Army Health Clinic at Carlisle Barracks and the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center, the Army Heritage Center Foundation presents

Military Medicine: Beyond the Battlefield, a one-hour documentary that tells the stories of the men and women who are at the forefront of the medical frontier winning victories for military personnel and civilians.  The documentary focuses on the doctors and surgeons treating survivors returning home to resume their lives and recover from sometimes critical injuries.


Following the documentary, a panel of individuals who represent organizations leading these medical victories will discuss aspects of the documentary. Panelists include:

  • LTG (R) Eric Schoomaker, 42nd Surgeon General of the United States Army and Professor and Vice-Chair for Leadersip, Centers & Programs, Department of Military & Emergency Medicine, USUHS, Bethesda, MD.
  • ·       COL (R) Paul Pasquina, Chief, Department of Rehabilitation, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center and Professor and Chair, Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, F. Edward Hebert School of Medicine - USUHS, Bethesda, MD; Documentary participant.
  • ·       Dr. Fabrisia Ambrosio, Director of Rehabilitation for UPMC International and an Associate Professor in the Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation at the University of Pittsburgh.
  • ·       Dr. Rory Cooper, Civilian Aid to the Secretary of the Army, Western PA and Director, Human Engineering Research Laboratories, University of Pittsburgh; Documentary participant.


More than 5,300 U.S. service members were killed in action during the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts between 2001 and 2014. But of the thousands of wounded who survive and were in combat hospitals, many returned to the United States severely wounded physically and emotionally. Military Medicine reveals the lifesaving measures implemented as a result of these wars – including faster medical evacuations, the creation of critical care air transport teams that converted military transport aircraft into flying intensive care units, and the increased use of tourniquets. Military doctors who have treated wounded troops abroad and at home explain how military medicine has changed over the past 15 years.


Using the best science and technology available, the physicians and scientists in military medicine work to improve the lives of America’s wounded as well as their families. The documentary takes viewers inside laboratories, hospitals, and rehabilitation centers, where military medical advances and technology are making artificial arms with life-like responses, 3-D printing new organs, adding robotic arms to wheelchairs, and giving damaged legs new strength. Woven throughout the documentary are the personal accounts from active duty troops, veterans, civilians, and military families who share how medical advances are both saving and changing their lives.


In terms of numbers, the biggest medical challenge for the military is treating service members with brain injuries who are dealing with memory loss and other symptoms of a traumatic brain injury. Specialized clinics are also helping service members identify and heal from these invisible wounds.


The program also delves beyond the medical aspects of medicine and demonstrates that there is still much to be done beyond the battlefield.


About the Foundation, the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center and Dunham U.S. Army Health Clinic


The Military Heritage Foundation, doing business as the Army Heritage Center Foundation, is a not-for-profit 501(c)(3) that, through donated support, is funding the construction of the public components of the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center (USAHEC) — the Visitor and Education Center (VEC) and the Army Heritage Center.  As the phased construction program is completed, the Foundation transfers these facilities to the Army to operate, staff, and maintain, as part of USAHEC. The Foundation will then focus on “margin of excellence support” to meet the needs of educational programs and other activities at USAHEC where federal funds are inadequate or unavailable. 


The Foundation completed Phase One of the Visitor and Education Center in 2010 with the Center’s first dedicated gallery and multipurpose rooms, infrastructure improvements to include parking and storm water management systems to support future construction in 2013, and the Hall of the American Soldier expansion in 2016 that provides additional gallery and meeting spaces.  


The Foundation is continuing to seek grants and donations to complete the Visitor and Education Center and the Army Heritage Center and to create an endowment to sustain and enhance educational programs. The Foundation’s education program includes management of the National History Day in Pennsylvania competition and workshops and seminars that complement USAHEC’s programs and exhibits. 


The Foundation also supports and enhances USAHEC’s public outreach by supporting marketing initiatives and serving as a public advocate of the Center’s mission and programs. Learn more about the Foundation at


USAHEC is dedicated to honoring the men and women who have served this nation as Soldiers and preserving their legacy through the acquisition of their letters, diaries, photos, and artifacts that document their service.  USAHEC also educates a broad audience on the heritage of the Army by making its collections available to the public in the Ridgway Hall research room, through exhibits on the USAHEC campus, and through special programs.   A Smithsonian Affiliate, USAHEC is a component of the U.S. Army War College.  Since 2004, when the facility opened to the public, more than 1.2 million have visited.  Learn more about USAHEC at


The Dunham U.S. Army Health clinic at Carlisle Barracks - Serving to Heal...Honored to Serve - provides high quality healthcare and leadership to maximize medical readiness of the force and improve, restore, and sustain the health of its patients. The clinic provides primary care and selected specialty care for TRICARE Prime enrolled patients.


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As Ronald Reagan traveled across the United States campaigning for the highest office in the land, the Governor of California possessed an ace in his hand unmatched by his opponents: the ear and advice of former president Dwight D. Eisenhower. Reagan was in constant contact with Ike, following his advice at every turn and going so far as to base his entire 1966 campaign on his mentor’s own successful run years before. Eisenhower’s astute view of internal Washington politics, foreign affairs, military matters, and the swirling pool of primary rivals, provided his protégé the fuel he needed to learn, and eventually win, the war of words. In his latest book, Reagan’s 1968 Dress Rehearsal: Ike, RFK, and Reagan’s Emergence as a World Statesman, Dr. Gene Kopelson outlines the story of Reagan’s first presidential bid with an in-depth look behind the scenes. On Wednesday, February 15, 2017 at the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, Dr. Kopelson will give a lecture titled, “Ike and Dutch: Mentor, Protégé, and Common Sense,” to delve deeper into the relationship between Reagan and his mentor and how it not only shaped Reagan’s future campaigns, but his presidency, as well.


In his lecture at USAHEC, Dr. Kopelson will use never-before-tapped audio clips, interviews with the original 1968 campaign staff, Eisenhower’s personal diary, and material straight from personal correspondence to show how Eisenhower influenced Reagan’s politics and eventually, his far-reaching presidential policies. From Reagan’s hawkish views on Vietnam, to his perspective on the Arab-Israeli situation, his groundbreaking steps with Gorbachev and the Soviets to nuclear defense, Eisenhower and Reagan had a close and personal relationship which changed America’s future.


Dr. Gene Kopelson is a cancer physician and former director of one of Yale University’s cancer centers. He is a prominent speaker on radiation oncology and an accomplished scholar and historian. Dr. Kopelson is the president of the New England Chapter of the Theodore Roosevelt Association and a holocaust educator. His book has received rave reviews from former Secretary of State George Shultz, former Attorney General Edwin Meese, numerous Reagan and Eisenhower historians, The Washington Times, The Weekly Standard, the New York Post, The Daily Caller, The Daily Wire, and Newsmax. Kopelson has spoken at the Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library in Abilene, the Stanford University Hoover Institution’s combined lecture with The Heritage Foundation, The Institute for World Politics, and the Discovery Institute.


DATE: Wednesday, February 15, 2017

TIME: Doors open at 6:30 PM and the talk begins at 7:15 PM

PLACE: USAHEC, Visitor and Education Center, Multi-Purpose Room



For updates and any last-minute changes in “Perspectives” meeting times and places, please check the USAHEC website: or call the Information Desk: (717) 245-3972.

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In the spring of 1941, the Red Army high command sat poised to strike the German occupied Polish hinterland in a daring push to alter the course of the Second World War. Meanwhile, the German General Staff was likewise preparing for a blitzkrieg against the Russian western territories with the final prize of Moscow itself. The Russian commanders never carried out their plan to strike the Germans, however, and the German’s treacherous onslaught sprang forth first, resulting in the devastation of much of western Russia and contributing to the final defeat of the Nazi regime. The plan to invade Poland, though never carried out, offers fascinating insight into Soviet military thinking at the highest levels in response to a rapidly changing political-military situation.

On Wednesday, January 18, 2017, Dr. Richard W. Harrison will give a lecture at the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center in Carlisle, Pennsylvania based on his years of research on the Russian plan to invade Nazi-occupied Poland. He will break down the Russian plan and tie his conclusions to today's preemptive warfare theory. The lecture will open with a brief review of previous Soviet mobilization plans as they developed in 1938 and throughout World War II. The early plans were defensive in nature and tasked the Red Army, due to its slower pace of mobilization, to absorb the initial enemy attack, followed by a counterstroke to pulverize the Nazi menace. The idea of a massive counteroffensive gradually evolved into the preemptive attack plan of 1941, carrying the high command’s desire to push through southeastern Poland, followed by an advance into Germany. The lecture will examine the forces allotted for the preemptive attack, the route of their projected advance, and the interplay of personalities among the plan's authors and Stalin. Dr. Harrison will conclude with a discussion of the strategy's utility and the lingering consequences of some of its component parts during the first weeks of the war.

Dr. Richard W. Harrison received his Ph.D. in War Studies from King's College London in 1994. He spent several years studying and working in the Soviet Union and Russia, specializing in the development of the Red Army's military theory between the world wars. Dr. Harrison has written two books on this subject: The Russian Way of War: Operational Art, 1904-1940 (University Press of Kansas, 2001) and Architect of Soviet Victory in World War II: The Life and Theories of G.S. Isserson (McFarland & Co., 2010). He is also the translator and editor of several major studies of the Red Army's major operations during World War II.

DATE: Wednesday, January 18, 2017

TIME: Doors open at 6:30 PM and the talk begins at 7:15 PM

PLACE: USAHEC, Visitor and Education Center, Multi-Purpose Room

For updates and any last-minute changes in “Perspectives” meeting times and places, please check the USAHEC website: or call the Information Desk: (717) 245-3972.

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As renowned poet Elizabeth Barrett Browning once said, “If we try to sink the past beneath our feet, be sure the future would not stand.”  That statement is especially true of military history, as the origins of the U.S. military and the efforts of generations of Soldiers all across our nation have played important roles in shaping the United States as it exists today.  As the history of the U.S. Army is immense, it can often be challenging to track down pieces of your family’s Army history.  If you have found yourself in that position, then the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center (USAHEC) may be of assistance! Join us for our 6th Annual Military Genealogy Event on Saturday, January 21, 2017 at 10:30 a.m.  This event provides the perfect opportunity for you to receive help from the experts and further explore your own history through the Army records at USAHEC!

You can start your journey of family discovery with a comprehensive presentation on genealogical research techniques by Mr. Marty Andresen.  While the event will feature a basic background of genealogical research methods, the presentation itself will focus on discovering family history in the Army’s archive, and the numerous ways that you can conduct research in military history collections. The USAHEC Collection includes a great wealth of primary sources that range from in-depth photograph and manuscript collections, letters, diaries, newspapers, and even artwork, all of which can assist you in finding out more about your family’s past.  The event is free and open to the public. Participants must RSVP by Friday, January 13, 2017, by calling 717-245-3218, or sending an email to

This program kicks off  USAHEC’s 2017 Winter History Series. The next event in the series is the 6th Annual USAHEC Re-enactor Recruitment Day, on Saturday, February 11, 2017. USAHEC will also hold the “Military History through Paper Modeling” event on Saturday, April 1, 2017.


After the presentation, feel free to visit USAHEC’s exhibits, including the Soldier Experience Gallery, the “Sleepless Nights” art exhibit, and the new World War I exhibit, entitled “Goodbye Broadway, Hello France.” You can also grab lunch at Café Cumberland from 10:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m., or browse the book selection found at the museum bookstore. Parking is free, and the USAHEC facility is handicap accessible. For more information about the 6th Annual Military Genealogy Event and other events, please visit our website at

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As dawn broke on the chilly, dank morning of December 13, 1776, General Charles Lee sat writing letters in his sleeping gown in his room at White's Tavern, three miles from where his shivering American army was camped in New Jersey. The quiet mists outside the inn broke around twenty-four horsemen slipping slowly off the road to surround General George Washington's most trusted subordinate. Leading the raiding party, "Bloody" Banastre Tarleton motioned his green-coated Loyalist troopers to take the building, trapping the rebel general and kidnapping him for the British. General Lee's sudden abduction was not a unique event during the American Revolution. On Saturday, December 17, 2016, at 2:00 PM, Mr. Christian McBurney will lead a roundtable lecture event outlining the tactical and strategic implications of the wide-spread efforts to capture both American and British leaders. His formal presentation will be followed by a discussion with two other Revolutionary War scholars, bringing the conversation full-circle by connecting kidnapping as a military option to other wars in U.S. Army history, including Iraq and Afghanistan.

Christian McBurney is an independent scholar from Kingston, Rhode Island, and a graduate of Brown University. He earned his Doctorate of Jurisprudence from New York University in 1985, and now serves as an attorney in Washington, DC.  Throughout his legal career, Mr. McBurney has continued his research and study into American military history. He is an accomplished speaker, appearing at the National Archives, the Naval War College Museum, the Society of Cincinnati, and numerous American Revolution historical organizations on the east coast.  Mr. McBurney is also a widely published author on the topic of special operations and Revolutionary War era spies. His books include Kidnapping the Enemy: The Special Operations to Capture Generals Charles Lee & Richard Prescott (Westholme, 2014), The Rhode Island Campaign: The First French and American Operation in the Revolutionary War (Westholme, 2011), Spies in Revolutionary Rhode Island (History Press, 2014), and most recently, Abductions in the American Revolution: Attempts to Kidnap George Washington, Benedict Arnold and Other Military and Civilian Leaders.

DATE: December 17, 2016

TIME: USAHEC opens to the public at 10:00 AM, and the roundtable discussion is from 2:00 PM to 5:00 PM.


PLACE: USAHEC, Visitor and Education Center, Multi-Purpose Room; For more information on both events and any last-minute changes in meeting times and places, please check the USAHEC homepage: or call the Information Desk: (717) 245-3972.

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On September 20, 1943, George Strock's famous Buna Beach photograph brought battlefield death to the pages of Life Magazine, representing the home front’s first “official” glimpse of the hideous face of death in World War II. In reality, the photograph was months behind other efforts to show the reality of death on the far-away battlefields of the Pacific to the American public. Earlier in 1943, the Office of Civilian Defense (OCD) embarked on a campaign to convince Americans at home to make greater sacrifices in support of the war effort. Though officially censored, the OCD campaign included depictions of dead or dying Soldiers in their push. On Wednesday, November 16, 2016, Dr. James J. Kimble of Seton Hall University, will give a lecture at the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center (USAHEC) in Carlisle, Pennsylvania to place the OCD’s efforts in the context of the U.S. government’s fervent censorship of American servicemen’s death on the battlefield. Since the imagery of death was officially censored at that point in the conflict, the campaign became a defining moment for the emotional involvement of civilians in what had been, for many, a distant war. Dr. Kimble will reveal vital connections between the home front and the battlefront, and critique the Roosevelt Administration's handling of the war's most gruesome propaganda.

Dr. James J. Kimble is Associate Professor of Communication & the Arts at Seton Hall University and, in early 2016, a Fulbright Scholar at Croatia's University of Rijeka. Dr. Kimble earned his PhD from the University of Maryland, and researches domestic propaganda, war rhetoric, and visual imagery. He is the author of Mobilizing the Home Front: War Bonds and Domestic Propaganda (2006), and Prairie Forge: The Extraordinary Story of the Nebraska Scrap Metal Drive of World War II (2014), as well as the writer and co-producer of the feature documentary, Scrappers: How the Heartland Won World War II. Professor Kimble is a Distinguished Honor Graduate of the U.S. Army's Chaplain Center and School and was a Senior Fellow at the Rockwell Center for American Visual Studies. He has been recognized by the National Communication Association with the Gerald R. Miller Award and the Karl R. Wallace Award for Outstanding Scholarship in Rhetoric and Public Discourse. His newest book project (co-edited with Trischa Goodnow) is called, The 10¢ War: Comic Books, Propaganda, and World War II, due to be published in early 2017.

WARNING: This lecture will contain graphic images of war-time death, including bodies of American Servicemen during World War II, and may be unsuitable for some audiences.

Please carefully consider your attendance.

DATE: Wednesday, November 16, 2016

TIME: Doors open at 6:30 PM and the talk begins at 7:15 PM

PLACE: USAHEC, Visitor and Education Center, Multi-Purpose Room

For updates and any last-minute changes in “Perspectives” meeting times and places, please check the USAHEC website: or call the Information Desk: (717) 245-3972.

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When Noah Galloway enlisted in the U.S. Army in 2001 and was sent to Iraq, he accepted the fact he might never make it home. He wasn’t, however, prepared to make it back to the U.S. severely injured. Noah Galloway, an Iraq War Veteran, has a life story of perseverance, beginning with his near-death experience on the battlefield, and continuing through overcoming addictions and depression, becoming an actor and men’s fitness personality, and eventually, participating in Dancing with the Stars. Galloway’s transformation is nothing short of astounding, as he overcame painstaking struggles to be where he is today, as a motivational speaker and fitness expert. On Wednesday, November 9, 2016, the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center (USAHEC) welcomes Mr. Galloway as the keynote speaker for “This We’ll Defend: The Army’s Infantry Through the Ages” program, from 7:15 PM to 8:15 PM.

After the events of 9/11, Galloway enlisted in the U.S. Army. He eventually attained the rank of sergeant and was assigned to the 1st Battalion of the 502nd Infantry, 101st Airborne Division at Fort Campbell, Kentucky, during the timeframe of Operation Iraqi Freedom. During Galloway’s second deployment in 2005, he was severely wounded by an improvised explosive device (IED) in Yusafiah, Iraq. He lost his left arm above the elbow and his left leg above the knee. His right jaw and leg were also critically injured, with the former having to be wired shut for a short time. After receiving initial treatment in Germany, Galloway was flown to the United States to continue his recovery at Walter Reed Army Medical Center in Washington, D.C. Following his rehabilitation, Galloway suffered a period of depression and addiction, but found motivation by rediscovering his passion for fitness. With a goal of inspiring others to be healthier, he transitioned into the role of teacher, becoming a personal trainer.

Galloway’s arduous journey during his time in the military and on his long road to recovery has inspired many people, as his story of survival is one in which people all over the world find hope. His experiences led him to become a motivational speaker, addressing audiences with his message of “no excuses.” Galloway’s time in the spotlight didn’t stop there, as he was selected to be a contestant on the 20th season of Dancing with the Stars in 2015. Currently, he is a coach on the TV series True Grit.


Noah Galloway is scheduled to appear at USAHEC’s Veterans Day celebration on Wednesday, November 9, 2016 at 7:15 PM, as a part of the program, “This We’ll Defend: The Army’s Infantry Through the Ages.” Galloway will give a presentation discussing his service in the U.S. Army, how his life changed after sustaining injuries in combat, and the nature of Soldiers and their sacrifices. Galloway’s presentation is the second half of the Veterans Day program. The first part begins at 11:00 AM, when three centuries of the development of infantrymen will be explored. Reenactors depicting Soldiers of the past and Soldiers from the Pennsylvania National Guard will talk about the life of an infantryman and also display items Soldiers would have used during their respective eras of combat.

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From the earliest time he could remember, Willard Dominick possessed an uncanny need to practice art, one that continued throughout his life. Similar to many artists, Dominick used the world around him, as well as his own personal experiences, to imbue color into the canvas of his life. Dominick’s rather idyllic existence was cut short, as his life was forever changed by the events that transpired at Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. After the United States entered World War II, he was drafted into the U.S. Army and began basic training in New Cumberland, Pennsylvania. Upon completion, Dominick was assigned to the 25th Infantry Division in the Pacific Theater.

While it might seem as if the war would quell Dominick’s creative influences, it proved to be a valuable asset, fueling his creativity with new experiences. During his time in the Pacific, Dominick kept a series of diaries filled with original drawings that conveyed the harsh realities of war, along with several detailed written accounts. His drawings were not only depictions of the war, but running accounts of the Soldiers’ lives, bringing a sense of vivid realness to the stories they told, and the many ways in which the war defined them. Dominick’s visual depictions of life and loss from the Pacific Theater are now on display in the Soldier Experience Gallery at the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center (USAHEC).

On Wednesday, November 9, both art and military history fans alike are invited to gather at USAHEC to celebrate not only the life of Willard Dominick, but the lives of infantrymen throughout the history of the U.S. Army. As a part of our program entitled, “This We’ll Defend: The Army’s Infantry through the Ages,” three centuries of the development of infantrymen will be explored, dating back to the late 17th century. Reenactors depicting Soldiers of the past and Soldiers from the Pennsylvania National Guard will talk about the life of an infantryman, and also display items they would have used during their respective eras of combat. Later that evening, actor, fitness leader, and Soldier, Noah Galloway, will give a presentation discussing his service, and how the injuries he sustained in combat shaped his post-military life.


As always, USAHEC’s exhibits, including the “Treasures of the USAHEC” and the Soldier Experience Gallery, will be open. Don’t forget to grab lunch at Café Cumberland from 10:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m., and feel free to browse the Museum Store. Parking is free, and the USAHEC facility is handicapped accessible. For more information about this and all other events, please call: 717-245-3972 or visit

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As World War II expanded into the largest conflagration the earth had ever seen, the U.S. Army realized the need for specialized psychological warfare tactics. The job description was extensive: “prisoner and civilian interrogation, broadcasting, loudspeaker appeals, leaflet and newspapers production, broadcasting, and technical support.” The mission was intense: weaken the morale of the Third Reich and then help Germany transition to an era free from Nazi oppression. The American Soldiers selected to man the Army’s “Mobile Broadcasting Companies,” during the Second World War, however, were uniquely qualified to fight on a different battlefield from their rifle-bearing brethren – a war of hearts, minds, and intelligence. From their training at Camp Sharpe in Pennsylvania, the “Psycho Boys” worked in secret to undermine Nazi propaganda and provide American Forces in combat with another weapon to destroy the fascist juggernaut. On Thursday, November 3, 2016, Dr. Beverly Eddy of Dickinson College will present a lecture based on her book, Camp Sharpe’s “Psycho Boys”: From Gettysburg to Germany, at the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center. She will follow five of the German refugees-turned-American Soldiers from the time they joined the Mobile Radio Broadcasting Companies at Camp Sharpe, to D-Day and the fight for Europe, through the liberation of the concentration camps. She will explore how the Psycho Boys’ nerve and inventiveness led to the desertion of thousands of German troops, and how the Psycho Boys played a vital role as mediators between the American and German forces as the war ground to an end.

Dr. Beverley Eddy is Professor Emerita of German at Dickinson College in Carlisle, Pennsylvania. She has authored numerous books, as well as other works, including Camp Sharpe’s “Psycho Boys”: From Gettysburg to Germany, and Abbeys, Ghosts, and Castles: A Guide to the Folk History of the Middle Rhine. Dr. Eddy holds a Bachelors of Arts in Speech and Theatre from the College of Wooster, Ohio, and graduated from Indiana University with both a Masters of Arts in German Literature and a Ph.D. in German Literature, Linguistics, and Scandinavian Literature. She also has courses in Norwegian at the Johann Wolfgang von Goethe-Universität in Germany and the Universitetet i Oslo in Norway.

DATE: Thursday, November 3, 2016

TIME: Doors open at 6:30 PM and the talk begins at 7:15 PM. The question period concludes around 8:30 PM.

PLACE: USAHEC, Visitor and Education Center, Multipurpose Rooms

For updates and any last minute changes in meeting times and places, please check the USAHEC homepage: or call the Information Desk at 717-245-3972.

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The Board of Directors of the Army Heritage Center Foundation is pleased to announce the U.S. Army Band “Pershing’s Own” Brass Quintet will perform at the Foundation’s 9th Annual Recognition and Membership Dinner on October 29, 2016 at the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center in Carlisle. 

This is the fourth time that the Brass Quintet, an element of The U.S. Army Band, “Pershing’s Own,” has performed at the Foundation’s dinner. The Quintet is the first to honor new presidents with the traditional “Hail to the Chief” on live national broadcasts and frequently performs at the White House, presidential inauguration events, and at official state ceremonies in the Nation’s capital. Since its inception in 1972, the United States Army Brass Quintet has performed for a wide variety of audiences and dignitaries in more than 39 states and 12 foreign countries.

The Quintet eagerly sought out this event because they wanted to amplify the recognition of the Foundation’s awardees – Brigadier General Peter Dawkins, USA Retired and Lieutenant General Claude Kicklighter, USA Retired. See the U.S. Army Band Brass Quintet’s website for additional information and examples of their music at

The Foundation will present three awards during the evening’s program. Brigadier General (Retired) Peter Dawkins, West Point’s last Heisman Trophy winner, will receive the Foundation’s Living Legend Award for his excellence as an athlete and academic excellence while at the United States Military Academy and for his leadership as a Cadet and as a Soldier to our Nation and its Army.  Recognizing an individual who, though his efforts planning the WWII and Vietnam Commemorations, has made a very positive contribution to the lives of Soldiers and their families, the Foundation has selected Lieutenant General (Retired) Claude Kicklighter to receive its Boots on the Ground Award.  Also, Members 1st Federal Credit Union will receive the MG John Armstrong Award for being an ardent supporter of the Foundation’s efforts and instrumental in enhancing the public components of the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center campus.

Included in the evening’s activities is a silent auction that includes gift certificates to regional attractions, restaurants, wineries, and golf courses, among other items. Dinner sponsorship opportunities are also available. For additional details about the dinner and silent auction, or to order tickets, please contact the Foundation at (717) 258-1102 or

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Negotiating Peace Amidst the Passage of the 13th Amendment


Major General Orlando B. Willcox, commanding the IX Corps, received this order from Major General John G. Parke, Acting Commander of the Army of the Potomac, directing him to inform the three Confederate peace commissioners to await a messenger from Washington.

President Abraham Lincoln faced a dilemma as January 1865 dawned. After an initial vote failed the previous June, the House of Representatives had renewed debate on a proposed 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which would abolish slavery. War-weary factions in the North and South were attempting to arrange a peace conference, but the news that peace commissioners might be en route to Washington alarmed many people in the capital. Radical Republicans demanded the Confederate armies surrender before discussing peace terms. Democrats, who had opposed Lincoln's antislavery policies, hesitated to support the 13th Amendment while a chance for a negotiated peace existed. Those Democratic votes would be necessary to achieve the necessary 2/3 vote on the amendment.

Lincoln had never recognized the Confederate states as a separate nation and refused to meet with Jefferson Davis, but allowed others to make inquiries about a possible conference. Lincoln insisted, however, the states in rebellion accept his condition that the Confederacy would return to "our one common country." Three Confederate peace commissioners, Alexander H. Stephens, John A. Campbell, and Robert M.T. Hunter, traveled from Richmond, Virginia to Union lines outside Petersburg in late January. Lincoln forbade the commissioners' passage into the capital, but allowed a conference at Fort Monroe.

Major General Orlando B. Willcox, temporarily commanding the IX Corps, received the first requests for the commissioners to pass through the lines on January 29, 1865. His request for instructions reached the War Department and the White House late that afternoon. The following morning, Lincoln dispatched an emissary to determine whether or not the Confederates intended to comply with his "one country" requirement before agreeing to peace talks, and sent word through the chain of command that a messenger was en route to meet with the commissioners.

Scene in the House on the passage of the proposition to amend the Constitution, January 31, 1865, from Harper's Weekly, February 18, 1865. [Source: Library of Congress]

The 13th Amendment passed by a narrow margin on January 31, removing all further barriers to the conference. Lincoln and Secretary of State William H. Seward met with the Confederate peace commissioners on February 3, on board the steamer River Queen, anchored in Hampton Roads, Virginia. The representatives discussed possible terms for ending the war, but the Hampton Roads Peace Conference failed to reach a peace agreement.

In association with the opening of the Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of African American History and Culture, this letter, from Major General Parke to Major General Willcox, is currently on display in the "Treasures of the USAHEC" exhibit at the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center, a Smithsonian Affiliate.


Text from the 13th Amendment. [Source: Library of Congress]

U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center

950 Soldiers Drive
Carlisle, PA 17013-5021



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On October 8, 2016 at 2:00 pm, the Army Heritage Center Foundation will host the one-act play Apron Strings by Catherine Ladnier.  The showing will occur in the Visitor and Education Center at the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center.  The performance is free and open to the public.

Apron Strings chronicles the tumultuous years of WWII through the eyes of Eva Lee, her brother LT William Brown, and his wife, Mae, based on Bill’s and Mae’s letters to Eva written between 1939 and 1945.

LT Brown served in the China-India-Burma Theater and was a survivor of the HMT Rohna sinking in 1943, more than 1,000 servicemen died. The disaster was classified by the American and British government for 51 years.

Catherine Ladnier is a playwright who had no idea about her families’ contributions to World War II.  After her mother, Eva Lee, passed away, Ladnier had to go through personal items. She discovered hundreds of letters, photographs, newspaper clippings, postcards, war ration books, telegrams, and a myriad of other mementos from World War II. She used these to create Apron Strings and share the story of one family’s experience.

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The Army Heritage Center Foundation is pleased to announce a new member has joined the Foundation’s Board of Directors.  LTG(R) Susan Lawrence was elected in August 2016.                                        

            Booz Allen Hamilton Senior Vice President Susan S. Lawrence is a leader in the firm’s defense business. As a seasoned technology leader and retired senior military officer, she supports a number of businesses and initiatives that cut across the defense and security markets. These include Command, Control, Communications, and Computers (C4); Intelligence, Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR); enterprise IT; joint information environments; cyber; integrated mission systems; and emerging technologies.

            Ms. Lawrence enlisted in the U.S. Army in 1972, received her commission as an officer in 1979, and retired in 2013, after having attained the rank of Lieutenant General and serving as the Army’s Chief Information Officer (CIO) and G-6. Prior to that role, she served as the Commanding General for the Army’s Network Enterprise Technology Command (NETCOM). Ms. Lawrence had end-to-end responsibility for Army C4 and Army Enterprise IT.

            She had scores of command and staff assignments during her Army career, mostly within the Army Signal Corps, including assignments leading network, C4, and IT functions during recent operations in Iraq and Afghanistan.

            Ms. Lawrence received her commission from Campbell University, North Carolina. She holds a MS degree in Information Systems Management from the University of Georgia and is a graduate of the U.S. Army War College and the Army Signal School.

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The Army Heritage Center Foundation will formally transfer the 7,500 square foot expansion of the Visitor and Education Center at the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center to the U.S. Army at 11:00 a.m. on Friday, September 16th, 2016. The ceremony will occur at 950 Soldiers Drive, Carlisle, PA.

Representing the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania will be BG(R) Frank Sullivan; Executive Director, Military Community Enhancement Commission.  Accepting the building for the Army will be COL Kenneth Adgie, Deputy Commandant of the U.S. Army War College and LTC Greg Ank, Carlisle Barracks Garrison Commander.

The ceremony will recognize the public-private partnership that facilitated this $2.25 million expansion of the Visitor and Education Center.  This addition includes a new gallery to enhance the interpretive display of Soldier stories, an additional multipurpose room to support growing educational programs and expanded café seating.

Funds obtained through the Build on Success campaign and a Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Redevelopment Assistance Capital Program grant supported both the design and construction.   In addition to many individual donations, major contributors to the project included the Donald B. & Dorothy L. Stabler Foundation, the G. B. Stuart Charitable Foundation, Land O’Lakes Foundation, Josiah W. and Bessie H. Kline Foundation, Inc., and Tawani Foundation. 

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On September 15, 2016 at 6:30 pm, the Army Heritage Center Foundation will show the documentary Thank You for Your Service. This is a special viewing before the National Release. After a showing of the film, a panel will discuss both the film and the issues that the film raises.   Panelist include: Colonel (Chaplain) Jerry Sieg, Carlisle Barracks Installation Chaplain, Moderator; Tom Donahue – Director; Matt Tyson – Producer; MG (Ret.) Gregg Martin, former Commandant of USAWC; LTC (Dr.) Gary Wynn, Assistant Chief of Psychiatry, Uniform Services University for the Health Sciences,  co-author, Complementary and Alternative Medicine for PTSD; and Dr. Leonard Wong, Strategic Studies Institute, USAWC.

The U.S. military faces a mental health crisis of historic proportionsWith twenty veteran suicides a day, hundreds of thousands suffer from what has been called the “Invisible Wounds of War.”  Active duty military and veterans struggle with the traumatic effects of combat.

Thank You for Your Service takes aim at our superficial understanding of war trauma and problems like PTSD and moral injury as well as the challenges to effectively develop support programs.  Director Tom Donahue (Casting By) interweaves the stories of four struggling Iraq War veterans with candid interviews of top military and civilian leaders.  Observing the systemic neglect, the film argues for significant internal change and offers a roadmap of hope.  Interviews include former: Defense Secretary Robert Gates; Admiral Mike Mullen; Generals David Petraeus, Peter Chiarelli, and Loree Sutton; Sebastian Junger; Nicholas Kristof; Dexter Filkins; Senator Patty Murray; and Mayor Rudy Giuliani.

Senator Patty Murray reflected on our historical response: “We were not ready in World War II, we were not ready in Vietnam, we were not ready in the Gulf War, we were not ready in the Iraq and Afghanistan conflicts. If we send troops to war ever again, it has to be something we talk about from the beginning.”

Admiral (Ret.) Mike Mullen, former Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staffs said: “We were very focused on the combat-side; we didn’t give much time to mental health. Was it a surprise that we had the mental health problems that we had? Absolutely not.” And further, “There is this message we send - that if you raise your hand and ask for help, your career is over.”

Director Tom Donahue hopes “this documentary will jump start a serious-minded and much needed discussion about mental health issues facing those who have served our country, those currently serving, and those who will serve in the future.”

Come join us at the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center to view the documentary, followed by questions, answers, and discussion with an expert panel.   Arrive early and tour the U.S. Army's primary historical research facility.  The main gallery features the exhibit “The Soldier Experience” highlighting the history of the U.S. Army from the Spanish-American War to current missions as well as newly updated galleries.  Spend a few moments in the bookstore with a collection of some of the best books on the history of warfare.


This event is hosted by the Army Heritage Center Foundation and the Carlisle Barracks Chapel.

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"Dat man over dar say dat woman needs to be helped into carriages, and lifted over ditches. . . . Nobody eber helps me into carriages, or ober mud-puddles . . . and ar'n't I a woman?" Sojourner Truth, 1851

Sojourner Truth spoke these words at the Akron, Ohio Women’s Rights Conference in 1851. Originally known as Isabella, Truth transformed herself from a domestic slave into a preacher, whose words of empowerment inspired people all over the world, and continue to do so today. Her fierce and fiery personality, powerful physique, and hope and strength set her apart as she addressed listeners about her passion for equality. Truth became a national symbol for strong African-American women – for all strong women.

On August 18, 1920, women won the right to vote and to hold elective office with the ratification of the 19th Amendment. The American Women’s Suffrage Movement stands as a lasting affirmation of our country’s democratic promise. It re-emphasized the importance of the most fundamental democratic values: the right to vote, and the possibility of peaceful, yet revolutionary, political change. In 1971, Congress enacted Women’s Equality Day. The observance of Women’s Equality Day celebrates the passage of the 19th Amendment, and also calls attention to women’s continuing efforts toward full equality.

The U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center is pleased to announce a Women’s Equality Day commemoration event, featuring Dr. Daisy Nelson Century, as she presents a living history portrayal of Sojourner Truth. The event begins at 1:00 pm on Friday, August 26, 2016 and is open to the public and free to attend. Dr. Century is a historical reenactor and has traveled across the United States, portraying many historical figures to include Harriet Tubman, Mary Fields, Phyllis Wheatley, Bessie Coleman, and Hatshepsut, the longest reigning female pharaoh of Ancient Egypt. Dr. Century currently resides in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and is a middle school science teacher.


Come celebrate Women’s Equality Day at USAHEC to learn more about the life and impact of Sojourner Truth! As always, USAHEC’s exhibits, to include the “Cook Pot and Palette” art exhibit, “Treasures of USAHEC,” and the Soldier Experience Gallery, will be open. Don’t forget to grab lunch at Café Cumberland from 10:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m., and feel free to browse the Museum Store. Parking is free and the USAHEC facility is handicapped accessible. For more information about this and all other events, please call: 717-245-3972 or visit the website:

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Perspectives in Military History Roundtable

50th Annual Lecture Series

George Washington’s Strategic Vision for Winning the Revolutionary War


Dr. Edward Lengel

Professor, University of Virginia


At the outset of the Revolutionary War, the American Continental Army was largely under supplied, untrained, and fighting for a divisive cause. General George Washington, the only officer with combat experience and the right political clout, choose to take command of a disheveled army of militiamen and lead them in battle against a global superpower. When he took command in 1775, Washington envisioned and developed a strategic plan at a level familiar to even today’s best military planners. Dr. Edward Lengel of the University of Virginia, will host a round table discussion about why Washington took command, and how he implemented his strategic plan for victory.


The Continental Army faced a daunting task in 1775: defeat the well-supplied, and well trained British Army. General Washington understood the fragility and complexity of the American military situation and identified the foundations of victory: a logistics system to ensure transportation of men and materiel on a grand scale, properly functioning intelligence systems, a regulated training program, firm shared interests with the American people, and the successful convergence of war on land and sea. Furthermore, Washington’s army needed to gain international acceptance by fighting the British on traditional European terms, a strategy which proved challenging in the colonial environment. The lecture and round-table event will shed light on the strategic mindset of America’s first great general.


Dr. Edward Lengel is an American military historian and professor at the University of Virginia. He is also Editor-in-Chief of the Papers of George Washington documentary editing project at the University of Virginia. He earned his B.A. from George Mason University and his M.A. and Ph.D., both in history, from the University of Virginia. Dr. Lengel has written several pieces on Washington, including General George Washington: A Military Life and Inventing George Washington: America’s Founder, in Myth and Memory. Special Event: Make your trip to the USAHEC a full day of history! The USAHEC is proud to present the Mysteries in Military History event from 10:30AM to 2:30PM.


DATE: Saturday, August 20, 2016

TIME: The USAHEC opens to the public at 10:00 AM, and the roundtable discussion is from 2:00 PM to 5:00 PM.


PLACE: USAHEC, Visitor and Education Center, Multi-Purpose Room For more information on both events and any last-minute changes in meeting times and places, please check the USAHEC homepage: or call the Information Desk: (717) 245-3972.

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History Experts Will Help You Understand Your Military History Items at 4th Annual Mysteries in Military History Event


Behind locked doors at the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center (USAHEC), staff members work diligently to collect, preserve, and exhibit historical items depicting the dedication and sacrifices of America’s Soldiers and Veterans. Research, time, and institutional knowledge help these devoted historians and museum professionals weave together the pieces of each Soldier Story, which tell the Army’s history throughout the Center’s displays. Once a year, the USAHEC invites the public to bring their puzzling, U.S. Army/military-related items to these experts, who can provide initial research support, help identifying items, and assistance solving mysteries in family history. Join the USAHEC for the 4th Annual Mysteries in Military History Event on Saturday, August 20, 2016 from 10:30 AM to 2:30 PM and let the professionals help you begin your military history research!

While the USAHEC’s library and archive is always free and open to the public for research, on August 20, our curators, conservators, archivists, and librarians will be available to help visitors dig a little bit deeper into the story behind their artifacts, documents, or the experts may even suggest how to care for family heirlooms in the attic or basement. Upon entering the event, visitors will be directed to different stations where military history, curatorial, and conservation experts can: identify unknown items; answer preservation questions about personal historic artifacts, such as photographs, manuscripts, books, uniforms, weapons, etc.; help visitors understand family genealogy highlighting military service; offer advice on the conservation of historical materials; provide research tips for working with archival and library items. It is important to note, USAHEC staff are prohibited from placing a value on items and therefore, will not conduct appraisals.

  Please know that firearms are welcome, but they must be unloaded and will be checked and marked by safety personnel prior to entering the building. Those planning on attending the event with any weapon must call prior to arrival to arrange a safety check. Visitors will need to provide their name, contact information, time of arrival, and information about the weapon they plan to bring. Explosive devices, ammunition, munitions, and containers for munitions will not be allowed at the event. If you are unsure if an item is safe to bring, please call: 717-245-4427.


Mysteries in Military History is open to the public and free to attend. The event will run from 10:30AM to 2:30 PM in the USAHEC Multipurpose Room. Parking is free, and both the Café Cumberland and the Museum Store will be open. For further information, please visit our website: or call: 717-245-4427.

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Deep in the A Shau Valley of Vietnam, a routine mission for veteran U.S. Army troops turned into a botched operation with combat casualties, due to poor leadership in the chain of command. A firefight with North Vietnamese troops erupted from communication errors and leader confusion, and at the center, was a young Army officer, groomed for command and assigned to lead the doomed platoon on its fateful reconnaissance mission. The young officer and his band of survivors have since lived with the graphic memories of the action and the grueling months that followed, resulting in a lifetime of severe trauma, guilt, grief, and anger. Mr. Chuck Newhall will present a lecture based on his experiences as that young officer, and the years after, as part of the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center’s Brooks E. Kleber Memorial Lecture Series. The presentation will be based on his memoir, Fearful Odds: A Memoir of Vietnam and Its Aftermath.

After decades of experience managing the long-term effects of trauma and with the support of his family, Newhall has successfully come to terms with his past and the effects of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Mr. Newhall’s story is one of perseverance in the face of insurmountable odds and offers a guiding hand to others who are facing challenges on the battlefield, in the boardroom, or back at home. 

Charles W. “Chuck” Newhall III served in Vietnam as commander of an independent infantry platoon, earning decorations including the Silver Star, Bronze Star V (1st OLC), and Purple Heart. After his tour in Southeast Asia, he earned a Master’s in Business Administration from Harvard Business School, and an honors degree in English from the University of Pennsylvania. Mr. Newhall is the co-founder of New Enterprise Associates (NEA) and has been instrumental in financing the dramatic changes in the health care and pharmaceutical/biotechnology industries. Mr. Newhall is currently working in an advisory capacity for Greensprings Associates, writing and travelling extensively for continuing education.


DATE: Thursday, August 4, 2016

TIME: Doors open at 6:30 PM and the talk begins at 7:15 PM. The question period concludes around 8:30 PM.

PLACE: USAHEC, Visitor and Education Center, Multipurpose Rooms


For updates and any last minute changes in meeting times and places, please check the USAHEC homepage: or call the Information Desk at 717-245-3972.

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