CPT David J. Calhoun

Altogether, Dave’s field gear weighed about 85 pounds. “We carried everything we owned.” Photo Courtesy of David J. Calhoun

Like many young men in 1964, Dave Calhoun joined the Army because he expected to get drafted. “I joined the Army basically to get it over with.” He took Basic Training at Fort Knox and was trained as an Artilleryman. Although he entered the Army as an enlisted man, he passed the officer’s exam during his second enlistment. After receiving his commission, he received orders to go to Vietnam in 1968 as a military advisor for the South Vietnamese.

Dave recalls arriving in country: “Flying into Tan Son Nhut, as we came up the coast we were met by American aircraft and escorted in. There were three of us seated together: there was an Air Force colonel in the center seat, a priest in the window seat, and I was on the aisle. The priest was looking out and said ‘Oh, what a lovely country with all the little lakes.’ This colonel and I looked at each other, he leaned over and said ‘Father, I hate to tell you, but those are bomb craters filled with water.’ We landed at Tan Son Nhut in the middle of a shelling – the airbase was being mortared. They came aboard the aircraft quick and told us to run off and get in the bunker.”

Dave was assigned to an Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN, pronounced “Arvin”) artillery unit along the Demilitarized Zone between North and South Vietnam. As an advisor, his job was to provide the ARVN technical and tactical advice and to serve as a contact with American forces. Unfortunately, ARVN units were sometimes infiltrated with North Vietnamese “sleepers”, or operatives, hiding among the military or civilian personnel. They would remain undercover waiting for an opportunity to act. That reality would nearly cost Dave his life before his tour was over.

For Dave, the night of April 12, 1969 is burned into his memory:

“We were in Laos on an operation to support the Marines making a sweep. It was an extended operation. I had a Marine lieutenant with me. One of my sergeants was with me but had to go back in the course of the operation. So it was only myself and the lieutenant, but he was wounded the night before we were overrun and was medevacked out.

“It was the only night, and I still blame myself, it was the only night I failed to check the wire. And what they had done was, the sleepers had cut the wire around the perimeter and had taped it back so it looked, from a distance, it looked like it was intact.”

Corporal (Ha Shi) Ha, Dave’s radioman and “bat-boy” at Dong Ha, posing with a captured enemy artillery piece. Though many veterans found ARVN to be good and dedicated soldiers, the Viet Cong had infiltrated many military bases throughout South Vietnam either through civilian worker positions or within the South Vietnamese military or government offices. Photo Courtesy of David J. Calhoun
North Vietnamese Army soldier preparing to fire a B-40 rocket (aka, an RPG-2). This Soviet designed weapon was used widely by the enemy in Vietnam for both direct and indirect fire. Photo Courtesy the U.S. Army Center of Military History
Dave in Vietnam with an AN/PRC-77 radio with a long-whip antenna. The PRC-77 was widely used in Vietnam, where it was referred to in a derogatory fashion due to its weight when carried. With a range of up to 5 miles in good conditions, the PRC-77 became the standard field radio after 1968. Dave lost his in the early moments of the attack on April 12 and had to obtain one from an enemy soldier who was carrying a captured radio. Photo Courtesy of David J. Calhoun.

“About 2300 hours we started taking a probe, and before I could react, my bunker, which was about three or four sandbags high, most of it was underground but there were about three or four sandbags above ground, I took two B-40s [rocket propelled grenades].  The first one blew up, it hit the wall and shrapnel came in, and I lost my hearing in my right ear, and took shrapnel.  I was lying down, I was tired, it was a long day.  I just had on my fatigue pants and socks, didn’t even have a shirt on.  My boots were on the side of the ammo crates I was sleeping on.  I remember getting up, I picked up the radio mike, gave my call sign and I said ‘I’m hit, I’m hit’.  Then another B-40 hit and tore the radio from me and destroyed it, and I got hit again.  The cordite smell just stays in your lungs, you never forget that.  I remember slipping my feet in my boots, didn’t even bother to lace.  I had a Marine flak jacket that was one of the things the Gunny had gotten me, with steel plates.  I put that on.  As I started to go out to get to the gun battery, to the FDC [Fire Direction Control] position anyway, because I knew the commander would probably be there, a rocket hit the wall there, and I had a piece of shrapnel blow into my chest, it struck the steel plates.  I was out for a little bit, how long I don’t know.  It hurt like hell, everything was ringing, and all kinds of noise.  I remember going out and I immediately ran into an NVA [North Vietnamese Army].  I looked him square in the eye.  Having worked with and fired the AK-47, I know it’s a very reliable weapon, but apparently he forgot to change the magazine, and it was empty.  I made it from there to a slit trench [latrine], I smelled terrible for a long while, to get my bearings.  It seemed to be the only safe place.”

“The NVA, there were literally individuals everywhere, there was close in fighting.  I saw this PRC-77, a captured American radio.  I didn’t have a radio, and he did.  I needed it, he didn’t.  So I got that radio, and I made it to one of the firing pits, basically you have the gun sitting and you have a sandbag perimeter to give it some protection.  We had lost two of the guns and the other two, the barrels were depressed, we were literally doing direct fire.”

Dave knew he needed help if he was going to survive the night, so he made a desperate call for artillery fire: “I put out a call, I said ‘I’m deaf, I’m under attack, if you can hear me, from my position’ and I gave an azimuth ‘give me some ranging rounds.’ The first two rounds came out, and I saw them amongst everything else that was exploding. Apparently they had fired HE [high explosive] and smoke, and I could see it bloom up. That was great, someone was really thinking back at the American unit that was supporting us. I walked the rounds in, danger close, because they had already breached the wire.”

“About 0600-0700 in the morning the Old Man [a common nick-name for a commanding officer] sent his bird , his personal bird, the Black Cat came in. There had been an attempt to come in before but the fire was too heavy and they broke off. This time, my Gunny, my Staff Sergeant, was on the bird, there were two birds, and pulled me aboard. I still have the pin from the last frag I threw in anger. I pitched it out as we were lifting out. I don’t think the other ship made it. I remember helping some wounded and some dead aboard the helicopters when my sergeant grabbed me and just literally dragged me on, and we got the heck out of there. That’s the part that I remember.”

Dave was medivacked aboard this helicopter from the 282nd Helicopter Assault Company, the Black Cats, piloted by Bruce Feldman. Photo Courtesy of David J. Calhoun
In 2019, Dave reunited with Bruce Feldman, the medivac pilot who flew in under fire to rescue him from his beleaguered position. Photo Courtesy of David J. Calhoun

Dave was sent to the USS Sanctuary offshore for treatment.  He was awarded the Bronze Star and Purple Heart for his actions that night.

Later, in Germany, he ran into his old commanding officer, who gave him a photo that had been recovered from a dead NVA soldier after the base had been retaken.  That’s when he learned that he had been specifically marked for death.

Dave received his Purple Heart for his wounds from Navy Admiral Long while aboard the hospital ship USS Sanctuary. Shortly after this photo was taken, Dave collapsed and was rushed back to surgery. Photo Courtesy of David J. Calhoun.
This photo, taken by Sgt. Trung, was found in the pocket of a dead VC sniper three days after the battle. Dave acquired it years later in Germany from his old commanding officer. Photo Courtesy of David J. Calhoun

“The picture of me that was found on a VC sniper after they recaptured the base was actually taken by Sgt. Trung, who was a part of the unit, but unbeknownst to me was a sleeper. I remember posing for the picture. Sgt. Trung had one of the Kodak Instamatics, and he would take pictures. I remember he called to me, and I gave him a pose, and that was the picture that was later developed and fed to the NVA that overran our base.”

Now retired, Dave continues to serve as a docent at the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center in Carlisle, helping to educate the public about the service and sacrifice of generations of Soldiers.

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