Frozen to the Bone: SSG Richard Turner

PVTs Fred Furnhanan & Daniel M. Kantlehner sitting in front of 38th Parallel sign, Korea, 26 June 1951. Photo coutesy of U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center

My name is Richard Turner and I served with Charlie Company, 23rd Regimental Combat Team, 2nd Division, in Korea…When I first came home in ‘51 I was one of the first group rotated. We used to sit around, as I was still on the regulars, used to sit around and talk war stories, as guys that have been in a war will do. And when I got discharged in ‘52 then, then I didn’t think I talked about the war that much.

So one day, say ten years ago, something reminded me of something that happened in Korea and I told my wife. “Did I ever tell you about the time,” and I started into this story. She says, “Yeah, about ten times.” Up to that point I had thought to myself that I had never told a single soul that story, except here my wife had heard it ten times and I just wondered who else had heard it ten times.

I had stopped telling war stories quite a bit, and only for I knew I must be repeating myself and people don’t like to hear that kind of stuff. They didn’t understand and they didn’t believe, anyhow, some of the things that I saw and I did. When I tell you about them, the civilian people here in the States just did not believe me. They just looked at me, and I could almost see in their face, “Yeah.” When I told them some of the things, you know, until I got the picture not to do that, I could almost hear them saying, “People that were really in combat don’t talk about it.” Haha. Just the reverse is true. People that were in combat do talk about it. And they, the civilians like the say, “Well, it’s too horrible for him to remember it and that’s why they don’t talk about it.” Well, that’s not right because we remember it in our minds, why not talk about it? In fact it’s better if you do, I believe, it’s better if you do talk about it.”

“I’ll give you a little background on myself and then I’ll go into my stay with Charlie Company. I joined the Army in 1946 as a regular for a three-year tour. I spent most of that first two years in the States and then went overseas to be a occupation troop in 1948, where I stayed until my enlistment was up in ‘49. I reenlisted for my own vacancy, and stayed in Japan. I really like the Asian people, even though they were Japanese and had been instrumental, some of their troops had been instrumental in killing my brother and some of my relatives, as most people had people killed during the Second World War.

Korean refugee carrying a large pig in an A-frame, Korea, 27 May 1952. Photo courtesy of the U.S. Army Heritage and Education Center

I was onto my second hitch in 1950 then when the war broke out in Korea and I was working in 8th Army Headquarters then for General Walker, later to become Bulldog Walker.  We went right over.  So I was in the rear echelon for the first part of the war until right after the first Christmas, that’d be the Christmas of ‘50.  At that time I was working in the G2-G3 section.  Gen. Walker had been killed and Gen. Ridgeway, I do believe, was in command then.  I saw him several, several times and even chatted with him once.  At any rate, I just got to thinking to myself, do you know that the tour is only a year here, not much longer than that, and here I am, I’ve had a few shots fired at me but I’ve never fired back at the enemy; I am a professional soldier, been in the Army four years, what in the world am I doing?  I should really go where the fighting is.

Chip’Yong-Ni, 13-14 February 1951. See sources below for weblink. Image courtesy of the Center for Military History

So I volunteered… it sounds crazy, but I volunteered to go to the 2nd Division.  I told my Col. Bullock at that time, my section chief, that I wanted to transfer up to the front.  He understood because he was a World War II Veteran.  He understood, and I went.  And I had my choice of divisions to go to.  I picked the 2nd because I knew it was based at Fort Lewis and that’s close to my home and I told everybody, “Yes, I’m going to the 2nd Division because I heard they were rotating home and I want to go home with them.”  I didn’t dare tell anybody I volunteered to go to the front; they would have thought I was crazy.  I got up to the front and I’ll tell you, Mr. Knox, during this tape I will tell you stories and I don’t know all the times where I was, what towns I was, or the dates.  I could only give you kind of approximates like it was warm or it must have been summer or it was raining and must have been spring.  That’s the best I can do, and I really apologize for that, but I just have no knowledge of what towns we were in.  They weren’t… they didn’t have sign boards up on them like they did in Europe in World War II, and we didn’t always get the big picture.  We didn’t have a lot of maps with us; we were infantry and on the move mostly.  And so I’ll start my story from the time I was on my way to the 2nd Division.”

Primary Sources

Letter from Richard Turner to Mother, dated March 12, 1951

Letter from Richard Turner to Mother, dated April 15, 1951

Letter from Richard Turner to Mother, undated

Letter from Richard Tuner to Mother, undated

Read More

The Korean War

The Battle of Chip’yong-ni

Research Intern

Samuel W. Rogers

Shane Reed


Mossman, Billy C.  “Chipyong-ni, 13-14 February Map” taken from Ebb and Flow: November 1950-July 1951. Washington, D.C.: Center of Military History, 1990.  http://www.history.army.mil/books/korea/maps/map23_full.jpg.

Richard E. Turner.  Korean War Veteran’s Survey.  Box 8. Folder 24: SGM Company C Survey. USAMHI.

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